I’ve lived here south of Fresno for darned near 50 years and I’ve never read Saroyan! Omg! I’ve been to the Saroyan theater – seeing The Nutcracker at Christmas used to be a special treat. I got my teaching credential through the State Uni at Fresno.
Okay so I was kind of bored for about the first 1/3 but then it kind of picked up as I got familiar with the characters. At a bit over 1/2 way it fell together and I thoroughly enjoyed the ride. In the days following I grew fonder and fonder of this short work.
It’s not a fast-paced book and it’s heavily based on Saroyan’s own childhood in slower and smaller times. His father, Armenak Saroyan, died when he was three (1911) and the children went to an orphanage until his mom Takoohi (to whom The Human Comedy is dedicated) got a job in the packing sheds of Fresno about 5 years later. Saroyan and his siblings helped their mom by getting odd jobs. Later he worked in a telegraph office.
In 1940 Saroyan won the Pulitzer Prize for his play, The Time of Your Life. He refused it on personal and ethical grounds as he “did not believe in official patronage of art” (commerce should not judge the arts.) He also is quoted as having said the play was not better than his other works.
Many of Saroyan’s stories were based on his childhood experiences among the Armenian-American fruit growers of the San Joaquin Valley or dealt with the rootlessness of the immigrant. One difference is that Saroyan’s childhood took place before and during WWI, The Human Comedy takes place during WWII.
The title of The Human Comedy comes from Dante’s The Divine Comedy. Rather than dealing with heaven, hell and purgatory – Saroyan’s book deals with real life in a small town, during a real war so there’s some real death – and grief – and life goes on. The word comedy here doesn’t mean “funny,” it means “not tragic,” no tragic ending.
This short classic is a series of character-driven vignettes and a couple of on-going plot threads strung together chronologically. The continuing themes of home, love, death and friendship are really apparent at the end of the book. The setting of small town US during WWII is vital. (And that’s when was written – this is not an historical novel.) Saroyan’s tone is quite nostalgic and positive although that’s certainly NOT all there is to it – at ALL! There’s also some very deep and pervasive reality and sadness.
The names of the major characters in The Human Comedy come from Homer’s The Odyssey. Homer was the author of The Odyssey and the main character in the book, a 14 year old boy, is named Homer. Homer’s younger brother in Saroyan’s work is named Ulysses which is the name of the protagonist in The Odyssey. Helen in Saroyan’s book is named for Helen of Troy of Ulysses – both Helens are drop-dead gorgeous (at least in the eyes of both Homers). (heh)
Also, Fresno’s name has been changed to Ithacais – home to many characters in The Odyssey. And the theme of both books, The Human Comedy and Ulysses, is going home. The Greek Ulysses and company are on one long voyage home while many characters in Saroyan’s book have to get home many times – from the telegraph office, from the library (he gets lost), from the train, from the war, from lots of places. Home in Saroyan’s book is where Mother is – and she’s totally faithful, like her counterpart, Penelope. Saroyan could have gone further and emphasize the “away from home” aspect of the Armenian immigrant experience but I think that’s done in his other works.
In Saroyan’s Fresno, the Santa Clara Avenue where the Macauley’s live, is on the south side of “Little Armenia,” just barely southwest of downtown old Fresno and the south end of the street is about a block from the railroad tracks (a little section in The Human Comedy). It’s a very short street today, stuck between two major freeways and next to the notorious “G” Street (with crime and shelters and new businesses pushing them out) . Very sad. The old Chinatown (Japanese) is just north and doing better.
Before World War II, Fresno had many ethnic neighborhoods, including Little Armenia, German Town, Little Italy, and Chinatown. I’d say the population of Fresno in 1943 was about 20,000 but that’s a rough guess. It was 50,000 when I moved here (south of Fresno) in the 1960s and close to 1/2 million today.
There was considerable prejudice against Armenians until after WWII. Many families Anglicized their names. The fear was that Armenians would buy up all the land so there were restrictions on land sales to Armenians. Now about 25,000 to 30,000 Armenians live in Fresno – about 10%.
There are statues of Saroyan in Frenso and the Convention Center Theater is named for him. The Armenian Studies program at Fresno State University deals with a whole lot more than their genocide – which drove a lot of Armenians to Fresno but they brought their whole culture with them. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Armenian_Genocide
Quotes from The Human Comedy:
“You must not be unkind, especially when it happens that you’re right.”
“Two years ago your father died, Ulysses. But as long as we are alive, as long as we are together, as long as two of us are left, and remember him, nothing in the world can take him from us.”
“I know you will remember this — that nothing good ever ends. If it did, there would be no people in the world — no life at all, anywhere. And the world is full of people and full of wonderful life.”
“You must remember always to give, of everything you have. You must give foolishly even. You must be extravagant. You must give to all who come into your life. Then nothing and no one shall have power to cheat you of anything, for if you give to a thief, he cannot steal from you, and he himself is then no longer a thief. And the more you give, the more you will have to give.”
“All of the sudden,” he said, “I feel different– not like I ever felt before. Even when Papa died I didn’t feel this way. In two days everything is changed. I’m lonely and I don’t now what I’m lonely for”